What are bleeding problems?
Bleeding can range in severity from a simple bruise to blood in the urine, stool, or sputum (mucus and phlegm). Bleeding can occur from any body part including the digestive tract, blood vessels, eyes, brain, and joints. Bleeding from the surface of the body, such as from a puncture wound, is often promptly identified and treated; whereas, internal bleeding is much more difficult to track and diagnose.
Abnormal spontaneous bleeding occurs as a consequence of vascular injury, decreased platelet number and function, absent or ineffective clotting factors, and deficient blood clot formation.
People who take blood-thinning medication or who have a bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia, are at risk for severe and prolonged bleeding because their blood does not clot properly. However, these types of conditions usually can be well managed when you adhere to your overall treatment plan prescribed by your doctor. Severe bleeding and suspected internal bleeding need a prompt professional medical diagnosis.
Types of bleeding symptoms:
Bleeding from ear, eye or gums
Bleeding under skin
Blood in semen or urine
Blood in sputum (mucus and phlegm)
Blood in vomit
Excessive vaginal bleeding
Postpartum bleeding (after childbirth)
Rectal bleeding or blood in stool
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- Bloody or tarry stools. Medline Plus, a service of the National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003130.htm.
- Dysentery. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/topics/dysentery/en/
- How to Deal with Hemophilia. Nemours. http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/blood/hemophilia.html.
- What is Hemophilia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/hemophilia/hemophilia_what.html.
- Urine-bloody. Medline Plus, a service of the National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003138.htm.
- Tierney LM Jr., Saint S, Whooley MA (Eds.) Current Essentials of Medicine (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011.