How Men and Women Gain Weight Differently
Men and women are different. No surprise there. Our skeletons are different, our bodies are definitely different, our brains are different, and our behaviors tend to be different. Does the difference carry over to weight gain and our ability to lose weight? The answer seems to be “yes.”
It shouldn’t be news that women store body fat differently than men. For starters, women tend to store fat around the hips and thighs. On the other hand, men often have more belly fat. Women also have a higher percentage of body fat. For the same BMI (body mass index), a woman will have more fat than a man. A healthy body fat range for women is 20-25%, while for men it’s 10-15%. So even at healthy body fat levels, men and women are different. Experts don’t fully understand why this difference exists, but hormones likely play a role.
Mobilizing fat is the process of getting fat out of fat cells to burn it as energy. Studies show that fat cells in the belly area are more responsive and release fat easier than fat cells in the hip and thigh area. Men typically have more belly fat and women tend to have more hip and thigh fat. So men’s bodies may generally mobilize fat better than women.
Metabolism of fat is the process of using fat for energy. Research suggests that women’s bodies use less fat for energy when they are at rest than men’s bodies. This may be one of the reasons women store more fat compared to men. However, research also shows that women tend to use more fat for energy during low to moderate intensity exercise compared to men. So if you’re a woman trying to lose weight, mixing in some low to moderate intensity workouts along with your high intensity aerobic activities may help you burn fat.
It’s well known that men tend to have more muscle mass than women. And muscle tissue uses more energy than fat tissue. Having more muscle mass means men tend to burn more energy than women. It also means men can generally eat more calories than women. As a woman, you can increase your metabolism by building muscle through resistance training.
There are differences in the types of food women and men prefer. Women are more likely to report eating dairy foods and foods high in added sugars, while men tend to eat more meat-based foods. What’s more, research suggests that women are more likely than men to cope with stress by turning to food. This emotional eating may be the result of depression, low self-esteem, and cultural or social factors may influence your food choices and eating habits. If emotional eating is a problem for you, talk with your doctor about healthier strategies for channeling stress.