Coping With the Emotional Side Effects of a Stroke
The effects of a stroke are more than physical. A stroke can trigger a wide variety of emotions. You may feel frustrated that you can’t do the things you used to do before your stroke. Anger, depression and anxiety are also common.
Know that these feelings are normal responses to a major life change. In addition, a stroke may damage areas of the brain that control emotion and personality.
Taking steps to care for yourself, getting proper treatment, and seeking the support of caring professionals can guide you through this transition time.
Depression is common after a stroke, and it is more than a blue mood or feeling sad every so often. It occurs when feelings of hopelessness interfere with your life. Depression can hinder your stroke recovery and rehabilitation.
Signs of depression may include:
Avoiding social situations
Feeling hopeless or helpless
Sudden weight gain or weight loss due to a change in eating habits
Thoughts of harming yourself
If you think you or a loved one may be depressed, talk with your doctor. Treatment with medication, counseling or both can ease depression.
After a stroke, you may experience wild mood changes. They may seem to come on instantly for no reason. For example, you may start tearing up and then be laughing a second later.
These mood swings are common after a stroke. In fact, there’s a name for them: the pseudobulbar affect. It’s also called labile mood, emotional lability, or reflex crying. Other symptoms include:
Crying when you don’t feel sad
Laughing for no reason, or at unusual times
Uncontrollable laughter or crying
Labile mood is sometimes misdiagnosed as a mood disorder. It’s actually a neurological problem in the brain. It occurs because of physical changes in the brain’s chemical pathways.
It’s important to receive an accurate diagnosis of labile mood so you can receive proper treatment. Talk with your doctor if you suspect this condition.
A few techniques can help you deal with disturbing emotions. Try these suggestions:
Get plenty of sleep.
Celebrate the progress you make, emotionally and physically.
Consider joining a stroke support group. Talk to yourself in a gentle and positive way, like a good friend would talk to you. Forgive yourself for mistakes.
After a stroke, consider adding a mental health professional to your care team. Many people who’ve had a stroke see a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family members may also want to seek support from a mental health professional.
With time and treatment, emotional and behavioral changes from a stroke can improve.