Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS
Last Review Date: 2021 Jan 16
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  1. Immune checkpoint inhibitors to treat cancer. https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/treatment-types/immunotherapy/immune-ch...
  2. Kidney Cancer. Cancer Research Institute. http://www.cancerresearch.org/cancer-immunotherapy/impacting-all-cancers/kidney-cancer
  3. Renal Cell Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version. National Cancer Institute. Part of the National Institutes of Health. https://www.cancer.gov/types/kidney/patient/kidney-treatment-pdq#section/_50
  4. Targeted therapies for kidney cancer. American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/treating/targeted-therapy.html
  5. How Immunotherapy Is Used to Treat Cancer American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/treatment-types/immunotherapy/what-is-immunotherapy.html