How Much Sodium Per Day with High Blood Pressure?
It also discusses the benefits and effectiveness of limiting salt for high blood pressure and advice for limiting sodium. It also answers some frequently asked questions about how much sodium per day with high blood pressure.
The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends an absolute limit of
However, the AHA notes that ideally, the limit should be a maximum of 1,500 mg of sodium a day. The AHA recommends the amount for most adults, particularly those with high blood pressure.
Recommended sodium intake for children
|Age||Daily maximum intake|
|1–3 years||1,200 mg|
|4–8 years||1,500 mg|
|9–13 years||1,800 mg|
|14 and older||2,300 mg|
However, as the AHA recommends less than 1,500 mg for adults, children may benefit from an even lower level than these values.
When you consume salt, your kidneys regulate how much sodium remains in the body. If you consume too much, the kidneys
The jump in blood pressure can also
- enlarged heart muscle
- heart failure
- stomach cancer
- kidney stones
- increased water retention resulting in weight gain, bloating, and puffiness
Read more about the complications of high blood pressure.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
Understanding how your dietary habits compare with recommendations offers valuable insight into how much you’re consuming, even if you think your sodium intake is fine. You may not know whether you are consuming too much.
Limiting salt consumption is particularly important for:
- anyone with high blood pressure or at risk of developing it
- people at risk of or already with the following conditions:
A low amount of sodium does occur naturally in food. However, you can significantly reduce your daily sodium intake by controlling how much added salt you eat.
Amounts of salt
For example, table salt is around 40% sodium. As a result, 1,500 mg of sodium does not equal 1,500 mg of salt — 1,500 mg of sodium is around 1 teaspoon of table salt.
However, the AHA suggests that
You can do this by checking the nutritional labels on food products. Sodium may be listed as “sodium” or “soda.”
Other tips to reduce sodium include:
- not eating more than the suggested serving size of preprepared or processed food
- limiting the use of preprepared foods, ingredients, and drinks
- prioritizing other foods, such as whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, and fresh meat and animal products
- not adding table salt during cooking nor adding it to food before eating
- using spices and herbs to flavor food
- rinsing canned foods such as vegetables and tuna before eating
- looking for foods labeled as “low in sodium” or “reduced sodium,” particularly on:
- broths and soups
- canned foods
- preprepared meals
Contact a doctor before making significant dietary changes or questions about diet and health.
Researchers also support this, suggesting that reducing sodium intake can:
- decrease blood pressure
- decrease the likelihood of developing hypertension
- reduce the risk of other cardiovascular conditions
- reduce the risk of dying from cardiovascular conditions
However, the positive effects
How long does it take for a low sodium diet to reduce blood pressure?
According to a 2019 review, reducing your sodium intake modestly may significantly reduce blood pressure in as little as
Jerlyn Jones, M.S., M.P.A., R.D.N., L.D., C.L.T., has reviewed the following frequently asked questions.
How much sodium a day causes high blood pressure?
Research suggests that excessive sodium consumption of 5,000 mg or more a day may cause high blood pressure.
However, this can depend on individual factors, such as your age, underlying health, and whether you are at risk of high blood pressure. As a result, the amount may be much lower for some people.
Which salt is good for high blood pressure?
Sea salt and kosher salt are often considered healthier alternatives to table salt. However, these salts contain the same amount of sodium as regular table salt. Himalayan pink salt can
Consider reducing sodium intake from all sources and types of salt.
The AHA recommends that most adults consume no more than 1,500 mg of sodium daily, including those with high blood pressure.
However, most adults and children in the U.S. consume more sodium than recommended. Most people could benefit from limiting their sodium intake.
Limiting salt includes reducing the consumption of preprepared foods, checking food labels, and choosing low sodium dietary options.