7 Ways to Lower Your Blood Pressure

Doctor William C Lloyd Healthgrades Medical Reviewer
Medically Reviewed By William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS
Written By Jennifer Acosta Scott on May 26, 2021
  • Keep Your Doctor Informed
    Be Proactive
    High blood pressure can have serious health consequences. Even though you may feel fine, high blood pressure causes progressive organ damage over many years. For instance, it can damage your heart and your kidneys. However, getting the right treatment can bring your blood pressure back to a healthy level. There are many ways to lower blood pressure. Medication is one way. Others involve lifestyle changes. Often it takes both to control high blood pressure. Here's how to get started.
  • Quit Smoking
    Stop Using Tobacco
    When you smoke a cigarette, your blood pressure goes up. And it stays up for many minutes after you finish. Smokeless tobacco products and electronic cigarettes also can raise blood pressure. So, with high blood pressure, it’s a good idea to avoid all forms of tobacco. Kicking the habit also lowers your risk for cancer, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and heart disease. There are many resources available to help you quit. Prescription drugs and nicotine replacement therapies are two. Hypnosis is another. Your doctor or pharmacist can help you find an effective program so you can quit smoking.
  • woman-adjusting-scale
    Reach a Healthy Weight
    A higher weight usually means higher blood pressure. If you are overweight or obese, losing just 10 pounds can help lower your blood pressure. To lose weight, eat fewer calories and increase your physical activity. Try to follow a plan that allows you to drop pounds slowly. That's the best way to make sure the weight does not return.
  • http://content.bettermedicine.com/d7/a29ba0405911e0a1ad12313b0b14f0/file/arthritis%20diet
    "DASH" Your Diet
    You can often lower your blood pressure by following an eating plan developed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. It's a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, lean protein like chicken and fish, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. It also limits salt, which is known to raise blood pressure. Ask your doctor about DASH. Or check it out online.
  • people-walking
    Staying physically active can help lower your blood pressure. And you don’t need to run a marathon to do it. All you need is 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most days of the week. You can even break up the 30 minutes into smaller sessions. For instance, try 15 minutes of gardening in the morning. Then take a 15-minute walk later in the day. Invest in a home blood pressure monitoring device to track your daily blood pressure over time. You’ll be able to see the effects of exercise and diet on your blood pressure, which is a positive feedback loop!
  • medication
    Take Your Medication
    Diet and exercise sometimes aren’t enough to bring down high blood pressure. Your doctor may then prescribe medicine to help you reach your blood pressure goal. There are many types of medications for high blood pressure. They include beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers and vasodilators. Your doctor will try to find the medication that works best for you. Your job is to take the medicine as directed, even when you feel fine.
  • Alcohol Intake
    Limit Alcohol
    Too many alcoholic drinks can make your blood pressure go up. Men who drink alcohol should limit themselves to two drinks a day. For women, the limit should be one drink a day. Drinking less alcohol can also lower your risk for other conditions. They include stroke, obesity, and heart disease. If you find it hard to cut back, ask your doctor about ways to get help.
  • Meditation
    Reduce Stress
    Stressful situations can make your blood pressure go up for just a short while. But ongoing stress has a more lasting effect. For instance, stress from working long hours, day after day, can lead to unhealthy habits. You're more apt to overeat or drink too much alcohol, for example. That behavior can lead to or worsen high blood pressure. So, take steps to reduce the stress in your life. Try to limit the number of personal commitments you make. Avoid your personal stress triggers as much as possible. Simply taking 15 minutes a day to relax and unwind can help.
7 Ways to Lower Your Blood Pressure
  1. What is High Blood Pressure? National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/
  2. How is High Blood Pressure Treated? National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/treatment.html
  3. Tobacco and Blood Pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/To...
  4. Smokeless tobacco. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/smokeless-tobacco
  5. Prescription drugs to help you quit smoking. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/healthy/stayawayfromtobacco/guidetoquittingsmoking/guide-to-quitting-smoking-h....
  6. Choosing and using nicotine replacement therapy. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/healthy/stayawayfromtobacco/guidetoquittingsmoking/guide-to-quitting-smoking-c...
  7. Other methods of quitting smoking. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/healthy/stayawayfromtobacco/guidetoquittingsmoking/guide-to-quitting-smoking-o....
  8. Your Guide to Lowering Blood Pressure. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/hbp_low/hbp_low.pdf
  9. What is the DASH Eating Plan? National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dash/
  10. Types of blood pressure medications. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Ty....
  11. Alcohol and Blood Pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Al....
  12. Alcohol and Heart Health. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/HealthyEating/Alcohol-and-Heart-Health_....
  13. Stress and Blood Pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/St...
Was this helpful?
Last Review Date: 2021 May 26
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.