QUESTION & ANSWER
How do you know if you have a hernia?
With a hernia, an organ or other structure protrudes through a weak part of tissue or muscle. A hernia can create a visible lump or bulge in the skin. It can be uncomfortable, tender, painful, and cause burning or pressure. In some cases, a hernia may not cause any symptoms or may be a medical emergency. Symptoms depend on the type of hernia:
Inguinal hernia and femoral hernia (in the groin and upper thigh area): burning, tenderness, pressure in the groin or thigh; pain with heavy lifting or exercising; and swelling or pain in the testicle area
Umbilical hernia (of the belly button): bulge around the belly button
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (birth defect in chest cavity): bluish coloring (cyanosis) of the lips, nails and skin; concave abdomen; rapid or difficulty breathing; rapid heart rate
Epigastric hernia (fat pushing through between belly button and rib cage): pain, tenderness, abdominal bump
- Incisional hernia (around an abdominal incision, surgical wound): constipation; pain, lump or protrusion in the abdomen; nausea, vomiting, fever, or rapid heart rate