Is There a Cure for Fibromyalgia?

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Search the internet and you will find a number of websites touting cures for fibromyalgia, a chronic condition that causes muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue, sleep problems, and other debilitating symptoms. Researchers are actively studying fibromyalgia in order to better understand how to diagnose, treat, and prevent this mysterious condition, but there is no permanent cure. This may be disheartening if you have fibromyalgia. However, unlike some other chronic diseases, fibromyalgia does not appear to get worse with time and can improve with active treatment.

Making Sense of Fibromyalgia

Research suggests that fibromyalgia is actually a neurological disorder involving how the nervous system processes pain. But that doesn't mean that the cause of your misery is "in your head." People with fibromyalgia have a hypersensitivity to sensations that are not painful to most people. At the same time, those sensitive areas exhibit no tissue abnormalities or inflammation.

Doctors don't know exactly what causes fibromyalgia. It is thought that genetics (several fibromyalgia genes have been identified), hormonal and chemical imbalances, and environmental factors all play a role. Some fibromyalgia experts believe that a triggering event, such as long-term stress, illness, or trauma induces a cascade of events in people predisposed to the pain processing disorder. However, at this point there is no widely held theory for what causes fibromyalgia.

In Search of a Cure

Scientists and physicians continue to make strides into the cause and treatment of fibromyalgia. Research reports are published frequently in scientific and medical journals. Current fibromyalgia research is focusing on gaining a better understanding of how the body processes pain, what genes are involved in fibromyalgia, and new treatments and diagnostic tools.

If you’re one of the millions of Americans suffering from fibromyalgia, you may be tempted to look into marketing and advertising claims of a fibromyalgia cure. Check with your doctor first. If it truly is effective, your doctor will probably know about the treatment or can help you investigate its trustworthiness.

What You Can Do Now

Many treatment options are available today to help ease pain, increase energy, and help you live a more enjoyable life. Choose a physician with experience in treating fibromyalgia. Every fibromyalgia patient is different and it may take time for you and your doctor to identify the best treatment formula that works for you. Medicines available to help alleviate fibromyalgia symptoms include:

  • Antidepressants, such as amitryptiline (Elavil), venlaflaxine (Effexor), paroxetine (Paxil), and fluoxetine (Prozac)
  • Fibromyalgia prescription medicines, such as duloxetine (Cymbalta), pregabalin (Lyrica) and milnacipran (Savella)
  • Pain medications, such as over-the-counter and prescription medicines

In addition to taking medicine, the following lifestyle modifications can lessen fibromyalgia symptoms:

  • Getting regular exercise

  • Avoiding certain foods, such as aspartame, caffeine, and monosodium glutamate (MSG)

  • Reducing stress

  • Trying alternative treatments, like acupuncture and massage

  • Joining a fibromyalgia support group

Don't lose hope. Take advantage of the options available to you today. Listen to your doctors, find support through fellow fibromyalgia sufferers, and do what you can to take control of your situation. Look into local clinical trials for fibromyalgia treatments through the National Fibromyalgia Association and CenterWatch (Source: CenterWatch). Find comfort in knowing that doctors are learning more about fibromyalgia every day.

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Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS
Last Review Date: 2020 Feb 9
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

  1. Fibromyalgia. American College of Rheumatology. http://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Fibromyalgia

  2. Questions and Answers About Fibromyalgia. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Fibromyalgia/default.asp

  3. Fibromyalgia: In Depth. National Institutes of Health. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/pain/fibromyalgia.htm

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  5. Consumer Alerts. Fibromyalgia Network. http://fmnetnews.iraherman.com/coping-resources/consumer-alerts

  6. Search of "fibromyalgia." ClinicalTrials.gov http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search?term=fibromyalgia