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8 Foods That Can Cause Heartburn

Know Your Food Triggers

Heartburn occurs when stomach acid seeps out of your stomach and moves up into the esophagus, your swallowing tube. That's why it feels like burning in your chest. Any food that increases acid can produce heartburn. So can foods that relax the muscle that controls flow between the stomach and esophagus. That circular band of muscle is the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Avoiding the most common offenders can help you avoid heartburn.

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Medically Reviewed By: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS | Last Review Date:

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Medical References

  1. Diet and Barrett’s Esophagus, John Hopkins Medicine Pathology. http://apps.pathology.jhu.edu/blogs/barretts/?tag=diet
  2. Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/ger-and-gerd-in-adults...
  3. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Adults. NYU Langone Medical Center. http://nyulangone.org/conditions/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-adults
  4. Can you tell me about the acidity in tomatoes? The George Mateljan Foundation http://whfoods.org/genpage.php?tname=dailytip&dbid=383
  5. Al Mushref M, Srinivasan S. Effect of high fat-diet and obesity on gastrointestinal motility. Ann Transl Med 2013;1(2):14. 
  6. Interactive Body Content. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. http://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/collegestudents/anatomy/body_nonflash.aspx
  7. Caffeine Content of Food & Drugs, Center for Science in the Public Interest. http://www.cspinet.org/new/cafchart.htm
  8. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)/Heartburn in Children, Johns Hopkins Medicine Library. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/pediatrics/gastroesophageal_reflux_disease_gerdheartburn_in_children_90,P01994/
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