9 Tips for Talking to Your Kids About Sex

  • Mother and teenage daughter embracing at home
    Answering Sex Talk Questions
    Talking to kids about sex doesn’t have to be stressful or scary. In fact, you’ll all get more out of your talks if you are calm, direct and honest. It may seem as if your tweens and teens aren’t interested in a sex talk with the parents, but the truth is that they are hungry for information. Kids need adults to help them understand puberty stages, unprotected sex risks, pregnancy, and intimate relationships. Accurate information provided by a loving parent can help children become mature and responsible adults. Keep these 9 tips in mind when talking to your kids about sex.
  • Father and son having breakfast in kitchen
    1. Start early.
    It’s never too early to start teaching kids about their bodies. Teach little kids that some parts of their bodies are private; anything that is usually covered by a swimsuit shouldn’t be touched by others without permission.

    Answer children’s questions using words they understand. So, if your 4-year-old asks where babies come from, you can say, “mommy’s tummy” and leave it at that, unless they ask for additional information. If you answer early questions simply and directly, your child will learn that you’re a trustworthy source of information.
  • Mother and young daughter in bathroom, mother wrapping daughter in bath towel, hugging her
    2. Use proper terms.
    Teach children the proper terms for body parts: vulva, vagina, breasts, penis, scrotum, testicles. You call an arm an “arm,” so do the same for your child’s private parts. Using cutesy terms for the genitals signals to children that there is something different—and perhaps shameful—about those parts. Using matter-of-fact language lets your child know that it’s okay to discuss all parts of the body.

    It’s all right to occasionally use slang terms; in fact, if you have little boys, you probably won’t be able to avoid the word “balls.”
  • Mature Mother And Son Browsing The Internet
    3. Don’t dodge questions about sex.
    If you change the subject, or simply pretend you didn’t hear the question, children learn that sex is a taboo subject—at the very least, one that shouldn’t be discussed with the parents. That’s the exact opposite of what you want your child to learn. As uncomfortable as you feel, you are best positioned to address your child’s questions about sex and relationships.

    If you don’t know the answer to a question, admit it and offer to help your child find the answer.
  • Father talking to teenaged son in restaurant
    4. Stay calm.
    Take a few deep breaths if you need to steady your mind. If you feel your embarrassment rising, you can admit your discomfort. (“Phew. This is kind of hard for me to talk about. I feel embarrassed but I’m going to do my best to answer your questions.”)

    Listen and try not to react when your children ask questions or make statements. If your 6th grader comes home from school talking about blow jobs, fight the urge to say “What?!?” and try saying something like, “What have you heard about that?” instead.
  • Woman using digital tablet at coffee shop
    5. Check your facts.
    Kids need accurate information about puberty, sex, pregnancy and birth control. Take some time to brush up on the facts. The basics of puberty today are the same as when you were a teen, but did you know that kids today typically start puberty earlier than previous generations? (Boys may be as young as 10 when they start puberty; girls, as young as 8.) Are you familiar with all available birth control options?

    You can find reliable info online at health.gov and healthychildren.org.
  • Family watching TV together
    6. Talk about what you see and hear.
    Sex is everywhere. TV shows, music, billboard ads and even news stories about sex scandals provide a great opportunity for conversations about sexuality, consent and relationships. Keep your conversation age-appropriate, but comment on what you see and ask your child what they think: Wow, I didn’t see him ask before he kissed her. Did you?

    Seizing everyday opportunities allows you to share important information with your children in a casual, comfortable setting.
  • Family cooking in kitchen
    7. Discuss healthy relationships.
    Parents often get so focused on teaching their children about the mechanics of sex that they forget to talk about sex as part of a relationship. Yes, kids need to know how to prevent unwanted pregnancy, but they also need to know how to tell if a partner is okay with sexual touching. They need to learn about respect and boundaries, and they need to learn the characteristics of healthy vs. unhealthy relationships, so they can make wise choices.
  • Two teenage girlfriends making heart with hands
    8. Use inclusive language.
    According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, about 8% of female teenagers and 3% of male teenagers identify as gay or bisexual. Unless you know your child’s preference, stick to terms like, “sweetheart,” “romantic interest” or “crush” instead “boyfriend” or “girlfriend.”

    The words we use send signals to our children about our thoughts and beliefs, and consciously using inclusive language may help your child feel more comfortable asking the questions on their mind.
  • Carefree mother with two teenage girls lying in hammock in garden in autumn
    9. Talk about good reasons to have sex.
    We typically spend a lot of time telling our children what not to do: Don’t get pregnant. Don’t have sex. In the interest of protecting our children from harm, we often gloss over the fact that sex is enjoyable. We forget to tell them that sex creates powerful connections between human beings.

    You may not want your children to have sex now (or anytime in the near future), but if you don’t talk to them about good reasons to have sex, who will? Now is a great time to share your values regarding sex and relationships.
Sex Talk With Parents | 9 Tips for Talking to Your Kids About Sex

About The Author

Jennifer L.W. Fink, RN, BSN is a Registered Nurse-turned-writer. She’s also the creator of BuildingBoys.net and co-creator/co-host of the podcast On Boys: Real Talk about Parenting, Teaching & Reaching Tomorrow’s Men.
  1. Talk to Your Kids About Sex. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://health.gov/myhealthfinder/topics/everyday-healthy-living/sexual-health/talk-your-kids-about-sex
  2. Tips for Talking. Planned Parenthood. https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/parents/tips-talking
  3. Why Inclusive Sex Ed is So Important. WeAreTeachers. https://www.weareteachers.com/inclusive-sex-ed-important/
  4. Talking to Your Kids About Sex. American Academy of Family Physicians. https://familydoctor.org/talking-kids-sex/
  5. Talking to Your Child About Sex. American Academy of Pediatrics. https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/gradeschool/puberty/Pages/Talking-to-Your-Child-About-Sex.aspx
Was this helpful?
(8)
Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS
Last Review Date: 2020 May 7
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
Explore Children's Health
Recommended Reading
  • Figuring out exactly what irritates your little one’s skin can be a  challenging process, but it helps to know where to start.
    May 6, 2019
  • From baby fevers to hives and breathing problems, get insight on the difference between every day woes and more serious symptoms in children you should never ignore.


    July 11, 2017
  • Kids fall down, bump into things, and pick up germs everywhere they go. Most of the time they turn out just fine, but as a parent, it's tough to know when it's time to head to the ER and when home care is enough. Trust your gut if something feels really wrong with your child. In case of emergency, do the best you can to keep your child relaxed and comfortable, and whenever possible, go to a children's emergency department with equipment sized for kids and doctors trained in pediatric medicine. In emergency rooms of all kinds, these are some of the most common reasons parents bring in their children for immediate care.
    October 18, 2016
Get On-Demand Care