What is alcoholic neuropathy? Alcoholic neuropathy is a disease associated with chronic alcohol abuse that is characterized by damage to the nervous system. Alcoholic neuropathy can affect the brain as well as nerves situated anywhere in the body including the feet, hands, muscles, gastrointestinal system, and reproductive system. Although the exact cause of alcoholic neuropathy is not known, it is thought to result from alcohol-related nerve damage, as well as poor diet and vitamin deficiency, which are associated with excessive drinking. Signs and symptoms of alcoholic neuropathy can develop over a long period of time and include sensations of numbness, tingling and pain, as well as muscle weakness. Muscle weakness is more frequently experienced in the legs but can also occur in the arms and other regions of the body. Successful management of alcoholic neuropathy begins with addressing the alcohol problem. Dietary supplementation, especially with B vitamins, which are essential for proper nerve function, can help improve symptoms. Pain-relieving medications are another treatment option. Left untreated, alcoholic neuropathy may lead to permanent nerve damage, loss of sensation, and chronic pain. Seek immediate medical care for serious symptoms, such as numbness or tingling in your legs or arms, loss of bladder or bowel control, muscle spasms, muscle weakness, and speech impairment.Seek prompt medical care if you are being treated for alcoholic neuropathy but mild symptoms recur or are persistent.