Nearby: Atlanta, GA 30308

Access Your Account

New to Healthgrades?

Join for free!

Or, sign in directly with Healthgrades:

Doctors and their Administrators:
Sign Up or Log In


What is a myofascial trigger point injection?

A myofascial trigger point injection is a minor procedure to treat a painful area in a muscle, called a trigger point. Trigger points are tight knots or bands of muscle or connective tissue that are painful to touch. They can also send pain to other body parts and cause muscle spasms and weakness. 

A myofascial trigger point injection involves injecting a long-acting anesthetic, and sometimes an anti-inflammatory medicine, into the trigger point. Myofascial trigger point injections can relieve your pain and improve mobility for several days or weeks, or even longer. You can also repeat these injections as needed to maintain results.

Trigger points commonly occur in the buttocks, back and neck, but can affect almost any body part. Trigger points can be active or latent. Latent trigger points cause muscle weakness and stiffness, but generally cause pain only with pressure. Active trigger points cause pain even at rest. Trigger points can also cause other symptoms, such as headaches and eye pain.

A myofascial trigger point injection is a minor procedure, but it still involves some risk. It is only one method used to treat painful muscles. Discuss all of your treatment options with your doctor to understand which options are right for you.   

Medical Reviewers: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Feb 6, 2015

© 2016 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement.

View Sources

Medical References

  1. Alvarez DJ, Rockwell PG. Trigger Points: Diagnosis and Management. Am Fam Physician. 2002 Feb 15;65(4):653-661.
  2. Myofascial Trigger Point Therapy – What Is It? National Association of Myofascial Trigger Point Therapists.
  3. Shah JP, Heimur J. New frontiers in the pathophysiology of myofascial pain. Pain Pract. 2012;22(2):26-33.
  4. Trigger Point Injections. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
  5. Trigger Point Injections. University of Wisconsin.
  6. Trigger Point Injections: What to Expect. Kaiser Permanente.
  7. Common Musculoskeletal Injections. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
  8. Orthopedic Surgery Tests & Treatments. Rush University Medical Center.
  9. Trigger Point Injection. Texas Orthopedic Hospital. 

You Might Also Like

11 Ways to Relieve Pain with Psoriatic Arthritis

Medicines, steroid injections, physical therapy, massage or gentle exercise may help.

10 Don'ts for Rheumatoid Arthritis

When facing the symptoms of RA, avoid these common pitfalls that can set your treatment back.

Share via Email


Rheumatoid Arthritis: Why See a Specialist?

Up Next

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Why See a Specialist?