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What is a gastrectomy?

Slide 1: A Quick Look at Gastrectomy

A gastrectomy is the surgical removal of part or all of the stomach. Your doctor may recommend a gastrectomy to treat cancer, benign tumors, severe ulcers, and other conditions that damage the stomach. Your doctor may perform a gastrectomy for some ulcers of the small intestine just after your stomach. Some types of bariatric surgery (weight-loss surgery) include a gastrectomy.

Gastrectomy is a major surgery with significant risks and potential complications. You may have less invasive treatment options. Consider getting a second opinion about all of your treatment choices before having a gastrectomy.

Types of gastrectomy

The types of gastrectomy procedures include:

  • Partial gastrectomy is the removal of part of the stomach. Your doctor attaches your small intestine to the remaining healthy part of the stomach.

  • Total gastrectomy is the removal of the entire stomach. Your doctor attaches the small intestine to the esophagus.

  • Sleeve gastrectomy (also called vertical sleeve gastrectomy and stomach stapling) is the removal of a large part of the stomach to help with weight loss. Your doctor uses staples to create a smaller stomach and attaches the small intestine to the remaining stomach.

Medical Reviewers: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Sep 11, 2016

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View Sources

Medical References

  1. Gastrectomy. Baylor College of Surgery.
  2. Gastrectomy. Medline Plus, a service of the National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health.
  3. Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer Syndrome (CDH1). Stanford Medicine Cancer Institute.
  4. Post-Gastrectomy Syndrome Overview. Cleveland Clinic.
  5. Vertical sleeve gastrectomy. PubMed Health.
  6. Pile, JC. Evaluating postoperative fever: A focused approach. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. 2006;73 (Suppl 1):S62.

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