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Medical Schools Ranked by Enrollment

Total US medical school enrollment has grown 35% since the academic year 2002-2003.

According to data Trusted Source Association of American Medical Colleges Highly respected medical organization Go to source from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), there were 96,520 students enrolled in MD-granting US medical schools for the 2022-2023 academic year. This represents growth of roughly 6% from 2018 enrollment levels, and 35% since 2002 levels.

Back in 2006, AAMC recommended an increase in medical school enrollment in order to meet the projected physician shortage. They set a goal of increasing enrollment by 30% above 2002-2003 levels. That goal has now been exceeded.

Unseen female medical student writing in lesson workbook

Medical schools with the largest enrollment

Medical SchoolEnrollment
1University of Indiana1,535
2University of Illinois1,314
3Wayne State University1,243
4University of  Washington1,183
5Drexel University1,178
6Thomas Jefferson University (Kimmel)1,168
7Medical College of Wisconsin1,076
8University of Minnesota1,034
9Medical College of Georgia - Augusta1,026
10University of Texas at Houston - McGovern1,021

Medical schools with the smallest enrollment

Medical SchoolEnrollment
1New York University - Long Island75
2University of Houston (Fertitta)120
3Kaiser Permanente (Tyson)150
4Virginia Tech (Carilion)194
5University of Texas at Austin (Dell)201
6Nova Southeastern University (Patel)206
7Texas Christian University (Burnett)240
8University of Nevada at Las Vegas (Kerkorian)254
9University of South Dakota (Sanford)280
10 (tie)University of Nevada at Reno285
10 (tie)San Juan Bautista School of Medicine285

View the full list of enrollment by US medical school here Trusted Source Association of American Medical Colleges Highly respected medical organization Go to source .

Concerns about residency slots and clinical training

In a recent survey, more than 30% of medical schools expressed concern over availability of enough graduate medical education residency slots and clinical training sites. This concern has contributed to the limitation of further growth in enrollment. However, there is some good news on the horizon.

In December of 2020, Congress passed the first expansion of federally funded graduate medical education (GME) in 25 years. The legislation was part of the year-end Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021. The law establishes funding for 1,000 additional GME positions, to be rolled out over a five year period, with 200 new GME positions established per year.

The first 200 new residency positions were awarded in 2023. Positions were heavily concentrated in primary care and mental health.

More about the student body

The AAMC data provides additional insights on the medical school student population. Here are some key takeaways.

Female medical students now outnumber male students. Of the 96,520 current enrollees, 54% were female, and 46% were male.

The future physician workforce will be more diverse. Here is the composition of current medical students by race:

Asian: 24%
Black or African American: 8%
Hispanic, Latino or Spanish origin: 7%
White: 45%
Multiple race/ethnicity: 11%
All other: 5%

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Total Enrollment by U.S. MD-Granting Medical School and Gender, 2018-2019 through 2022-2023.
Medical school enrollments grow, but residency slots haven’t kept pace.
AAMC Medical School Enrollment Survey: 2020 Results.
CMS Awards First Round of GME Residency Slots to Hospitals Serving Underserved Communities.

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