Learn more about Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Specialists

A pediatric hematologist-oncologist specializes in researching, diagnosing and treating blood disorders and cancer in children. Pediatric hematologist-oncologists care for children with blood conditions, such as anemia and bleeding disorders, and cancers, such as brain cancer and leukemia. They often work as part of a healthcare team that includes surgeons, radiologists, pathologists, nurses, and social workers.

A pediatric hematologist-oncologist typically: 

  • Performs a physical exam and takes a medical history
  • Orders and interprets laboratory, imaging, genetic and surgical tests to confirm and analyze the presence of cancer
  • Provides preventive screening for blood disorders, such as sickle cell anemia and bleeding conditions
  • Diagnoses and treats childhood cancers and acute and chronic diseases and conditions that affect a child’s blood, including problems with blood cell production and blood clotting
  • Provides a care plan for cancer treatment, which may include recommending surgery to remove cancer and precancerous cells, radiation therapy, or bone marrow transplantation
  • Prescribes medications
  • Orders or provides medical treatments to eliminate cancer, such as medication therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy
  • Orders or provides palliative therapies, such as medications and physical therapy to manage pain and symptoms

A pediatric hematologist-oncologist may also be known by the following names: children's cancer doctor and pediatric oncologist.

There are 3115 specialists practicing Pediatric Hematology & Oncology in the United States with an overall average rating of 4.4 stars. There are 321 hospitals in the United States with affiliated Pediatric Hematology & Oncology specialists, including Boston Children's Hospital, Dana - Farber Cancer Institute and Children's Medical Center of Dallas.

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