Ximino minocycline hydrochloride
Refer to the “Also Known As” section to reference different products that include the same medication as Ximino.
Brand Name: Ximino
Generic Name: MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE
Drug Type: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Dosage Form: CAPSULE, EXTENDED RELEASE
Data Current As Of: 2018-11-26
indications & usage
Ximino is indicated to treat only inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria as well as to maintain the effectiveness of other antibacterial drugs, Ximino should be used only as indicated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)].
limitations of use
Ximino did not demonstrate any effect on non-inflammatory acne lesions. Safety of Ximino has not been established beyond 12 weeks of use. This formulation of minocycline has not been evaluated in the treatment of infections [see Clinical Studies (14)].
Because tetracyclines have been shown to depress plasma prothrombin activity, patients who are on anticoagulant therapy may require downward adjustment of their anticoagulant dosage.
Since bacteriostatic drugs may interfere with the bactericidal action of penicillin, it is advisable to avoid giving tetracycline-class drugs in conjunction with penicillin.
The concurrent use of tetracycline and methoxyflurane has been reported to result in fatal renal toxicity.
antacids & iron preparations
Absorption of tetracyclines is impaired by antacids containing aluminum, calcium or magnesium and iron-containing preparations.
low dose oral contraceptives
In a multi-center study to evaluate the effect of minocycline hydrochloride (administered as another extended-release formulation which is bioequivalent to Ximino) on low dose oral contraceptives, hormone levels over one menstrual cycle with and without minocycline hydrochloride 1 mg/kg once-daily were measured. Based on the results of this trial, minocycline-related changes in estradiol, progestinic hormone, FSH and LH plasma levels, of breakthrough bleeding, or of contraceptive failure, cannot be ruled out. To avoid contraceptive failure, female patients are advised to use a second form of contraceptive during treatment with minocycline.
drug / laboratory test interactions
False elevations of urinary catecholamine levels may occur due to interference with the fluorescence test.
patient counseling information
“See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (Patient Information)”
Patients taking Ximino should receive the following information and instructions:
- Ximino should not be used by pregnant women or women attempting to conceive a child [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].
- It is recommended that Ximino not be used by men who are attempting to father a child [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].
- Patients should be advised that pseudomembranous colitis can occur with minocycline therapy. If patients develop watery or bloody stools, they should seek medical attention.
- Patients should be counseled about the possibility of hepatotoxicity. Patients should seek medical advice if they experience symptoms which can include loss of appetite, tiredness, diarrhea, skin turning yellow, bleeding easily, confusion, and sleepiness.
- Patients who experience central nervous system symptoms [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] should be cautioned about driving vehicles or using hazardous machinery while on minocycline therapy. Patients should seek medical help for persistent headaches or blurred vision.
- Concurrent use of tetracycline may render oral contraceptives less effective. To avoid contraceptive failure, female patients on low dose oral contraceptives should be advised to use a second form of contraception during treatment with minocycline [see Drug Interactions (7.5)].
- Autoimmune syndromes, including drug-induced lupus-like syndrome, autoimmune hepatitis, vasculitis and serum sickness have been observed with tetracycline-class drugs, including minocycline. Symptoms may be manifested by arthralgia, fever, rash and malaise. Patients who experience such symptoms should be cautioned to stop the drug immediately and seek medical help.
- Patients should be counseled about discoloration of skin, scars, teeth or gums that can arise from minocycline therapy.
- Photosensitivity manifested by an exaggerated sunburn reaction has been observed in some individuals taking tetracyclines, including minocycline. Patients should minimize or avoid exposure to natural or artificial sunlight (tanning beds or UVA/B treatment) while using minocycline. If patients need to be outdoors while using minocycline, they should wear loose-fitting clothes that protect skin from sun exposure and discuss other sun protection measures with their physician. Treatment should be discontinued at the first evidence of skin erythema.
- Ximino should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may decrease the effectiveness of the current treatment course and increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by other antibacterial drugs in the future.
- Patients should be advised to swallow Ximino whole and not to chew, crush, or split the capsules.
also known as
- Arestin (powder)
- Minocin (capsule, coated pellets)
- Minocycline (tablet, film coated)
- Minocycline Hydrochloride (tablet, extended release)
- Minocycline Hydrochloride (tablet, film coated)
- Minocycline Hydrochloride (capsule)
- Minolira Extended Release (tablet)
- Solodyn (tablet, film coated, extended release)