Top Drugs for Cardiology

Top Drugs for Cardiology

The following medications are among the most commonly prescribed drugs by cardiologists and other doctors for a variety of cardiovascular conditions. These include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, angina, and heart arrhythmias.

Blood Clot Prevention Medications

Blood clot prevention medications, or anticoagulants, are commonly known as blood thinners. Doctors use these medications to prevent blood clots, which reduces the risk of stroke, heart attack, DVT (deep vein thrombosis), and PE (pulmonary embolism).
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Cholesterol Medications

Doctors prescribe cholesterol medications when lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, are not enough to reach target cholesterol levels. These drugs work to lower LDL, or bad, cholesterol and triglycerides and may increase HDL, or good, cholesterol.
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High Blood Pressure Medications

High blood pressure medications may be necessary when diet and exercise are not enough to lower blood pressure to target levels. Doctors can also use drugs in this category for other heart conditions, such as angina, heart attack, and abnormal heart rhythms.
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Other Commonly Prescribed Heart Medications

Other commonly prescribed heart medications include drugs such as diuretics and anti-arrhythmics. Doctors may use these drugs to treat several cardiovascular conditions, such as congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, and heart arrhythmias.
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Top Drugs
  • Antibiotic, antifungal and antiviral drugs treat infectious diseases. They kill or stop the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi and viruses.
  • Birth control medications are a form of contraception. They contain either a combination of estrogen and progestin or progestin alone. There are several forms of these hormones, but most combination products contain estrogen, ethinyl estradiol, and a progestin. They work by preventing ovulation and inhibiting fertilization and implantation.
  • Mental health drugs treat conditions that affect emotional, psychological and social well-being. Doctors frequently use mental health drugs in combination with various forms of therapy to help people manage these conditions.
  • Arthritis medications and muscle relaxers treat problems with the musculoskeletal system. These include injuries and conditions affecting the joints, muscles, and other soft tissues that help the body flex and move.