Amlodipine Besylate Amlodipine
Refer to the “Also Known As” section to reference different products that include the same medication as Amlodipine Besylate.
Brand Name: Amlodipine Besylate
Generic Name: AMLODIPINE BESYLATE
Drug Type: HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Dosage Form: TABLET
Data Current As Of: 2018-10-05
indications & usage
Amlodipine besylate tablets are indicated for the treatment of hypertension. It may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents.
coronary artery disease (cad)
chronic stable angina
Amlodipine besylate tablets are indicated for the symptomatic treatment of chronic stable angina. Amlodipine besylate tablets may be used alone or in combination with other antianginal agents.
vasospastic angina (prinzmetal’s or variant angina)
Amlodipine besylate tablets are indicated for the treatment of confirmed or suspected vasospastic angina. Amlodipine besylate tablets may be used as monotherapy or in combination with other antianginal agents.
angiographically documented cad
In patients with recently documented CAD by angiography and without heart failure or an ejection fraction < 40%, amlodipine besylate tablets are indicated to reduce the risk of hospitalization due to angina and to reduce the risk of a coronary revascularization procedure.
warnings & precautions
Symptomatic hypotension is possible, particularly in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Because of the gradual onset of action, acute hypotension is unlikely.
increased angina or myocardial infarction
Worsening angina and acute myocardial infarction can develop after starting or increasing the dose of amlodipine, particularly in patients with severe obstructive coronary artery disease.
Amlodipine is not a beta-blocker and therefore gives no protection against the dangers of abrupt beta-blocker withdrawal; any such withdrawal should be by gradual reduction of the dose of beta-blocker.
patients with hepatic failure
Because amlodipine is extensively metabolized by the liver and the plasma elimination half-life (t1/2) is 56 hours in patients with impaired hepatic function, titrate slowly when administering amlodipine to patients with severe hepatic impairment.
in vitro data
In vitro data indicate that amlodipine has no effect on the human plasma protein binding of digoxin, phenytoin, warfarin, and indomethacin.
Coadministration of amlodipine with cimetidine did not alter the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine.
Coadministration of 240 mL of grapefruit juice with a single oral dose of amlodipine 10 mg in 20 healthy volunteers had no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine.
magnesium & aluminum hydroxide antacid
Coadministration of a magnesium and aluminum hydroxide antacid with a single dose of amlodipine had no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine.
A single 100 mg dose of sildenafil in subjects with essential hypertension had no effect on the pharmacokinetic parameters of amlodipine. When amlodipine and sildenafil were used in combination, each agent independently exerted its own blood pressure lowering effect.
Coadministration of multiple 10 mg doses of amlodipine with 80 mg of atorvastatin resulted in no significant change in the steady-state pharmacokinetic parameters of atorvastatin.
Coadministration of amlodipine with digoxin did not change serum digoxin levels or digoxin renal clearance in normal volunteers.
Single and multiple 10 mg doses of amlodipine had no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of ethanol.
Coadministration of amlodipine with warfarin did not change the warfarin prothrombin response time.
drug / laboratory test interactions
PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE TABLETS, USP
Read this information carefully before you start amlodipine besylate tablets and each time you refill your prescription. There may be new information. This information does not replace talking with your doctor. If you have any questions about amlodipine besylate tablets, ask your doctor. Your doctor will know if amlodipine besylate tablets are right for you.
What are amlodipine besylate tablets?
Amlodipine besylate tablets are a type of medicine known as a calcium channel blocker (CCB). It is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and a type of chest pain called angina. It can be used by itself or with other medicines to treat these conditions.
High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
High blood pressure comes from blood pushing too hard against your blood vessels. Amlodipine besylate tablets relax your blood vessels, which lets your blood flow more easily and helps lower your blood pressure. Drugs that lower blood pressure lower your risk of having a stroke or heart attack.
Angina is a pain or discomfort that keeps coming back when part of your heart does not get enough blood. Angina feels like a pressing or squeezing pain, usually in your chest under the breastbone. Sometimes you can feel it in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaws, or back. Amlodipine besylate tablets can relieve this pain.
Who should not use amlodipine besylate tablets?
Do not use amlodipine besylate tablets if you are allergic to amlodipine (the active ingredient in amlodipine besylate tablets), or to the inactive ingredients. Your doctor or pharmacist can give you a list of these ingredients.
What should I tell my doctor before taking amlodipine besylate tablets?
Tell your doctor about any prescription and non-prescription medicines you are taking, including natural or herbal remedies. Tell your doctor if you:
- ever had heart disease
- ever had liver problems
- are pregnant, or plan to become pregnant. Your doctor will decide if amlodipine besylate tablets are the best treatment for you.
- are breast-feeding. Do not breast-feed while taking amlodipine besylate tablets. You can stop breast-feeding or take a different medicine.
How should I take amlodipine besylate tablets?
- Take amlodipine besylate tablets once a day, with or without food. You can take amlodipine besylate tablets with most drinks, including grapefruit juice.
- It may be easier to take your dose if you do it at the same time every day, such as with breakfast or dinner, or at bedtime. Do not take more than one dose of amlodipine at a time.
- If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Do not take amlodipine besylate tablets if it has been more than 12 hours since you missed your last dose. Wait and take the next dose at your regular time.
- Other medicines: You can use nitroglycerin and amlodipine besylate tablets together. If you take nitroglycerin for angina, don’t stop taking it while you are taking amlodipine besylate tablets.
- While you are taking amlodipine besylate tablets, do not stop taking your other prescription medicines, including any other blood pressure medicines, without talking to your doctor.
- If you took too much amlodipine besylate tablets, call your doctor or Poison Control Center, or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
What should I avoid while taking amlodipine besylate tablets?
- Do not breast-feed. It is not known if amlodipine will pass through your milk.
- Do not start any new prescription or non-prescription medicines or supplements, unless you check with your doctor first.
What are the possible side effects of amlodipine besylate tablets?
Amlodipine besylate tablets may cause the following side effects. Most side effects are mild or moderate:
- swelling of your legs or ankles
- tiredness, extreme sleepiness
- stomach pain, nausea
- flushing (hot or warm feeling in your face)
- arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
- heart palpitations (very fast heartbeat)
It is rare, but when you first start taking amlodipine besylate tablets or increase your dose, you may have a heart attack or your angina may get worse. If that happens, call your doctor right away or go directly to a hospital emergency room.
Tell your doctor if you are concerned about any side effects you experience. These are not all the possible side effects of amlodipine besylate tablets. For a complete list, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How do I store amlodipine besylate tablets?
Keep amlodipine besylate tablets away from children. Store amlodipine besylate tablets at controlled room temperature between 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). Keep amlodipine besylate tablets out of the light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep amlodipine besylate tablets in a dry place.
Protect from light.
General advice about amlodipine besylate tablets
Sometimes, doctors will prescribe a medicine for a condition that is not written in the patient information leaflets. Only use amlodipine besylate tablets the way your doctor told you to. Do not give amlodipine besylate tablets to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.
You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about amlodipine besylate tablets or contact Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc., toll free at 1-877-446-3679 (1-877-4-INFO-RX).
Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.
REVISED JANUARY 2011