What is lactose intolerance? Lactose intolerance, or “lactase deficiency,” is a condition that causes discomfort in the upper abdomen, resulting in bloating, gas and diarrhea. Lactose intolerance is the result of a deficiency in an enzyme (lactase) that breaks down the sugar known as lactose that is found in milk. Although low lactase levels are fairly common, not everyone with low amounts of the enzyme is lactose intolerant. Lactose intolerance most often occurs during or right after eating dairy products. Intolerance to lactose is a common digestive problem in the United States. Varying degrees of lactose intolerance are common among adults. The disorder is more common in individuals of Asian, African, Native American, or Mediterranean ethnicity compared to those of Northern and Western European descent (Source: NDDIC). Lactose intolerance typically develops in people over a period of time. Most commonly, people begin to experience symptoms of lactose intolerance later in childhood and onward, when the body begins to produce lower levels of lactase. For this reason, children younger than 6 years do not commonly show signs of lactose intolerance. Adolescents and adults are more likely to show signs of the disease. If you are suffering from lactose intolerance, you will see signs and symptoms after consuming foods that contain dairy products. The manifestations of lactose intolerance vary among individuals. Some people with lactose intolerance have no symptoms at all, while others may have severe abdominal bloating, pain and diarrhea. Fortunately, lactose intolerance can be treated successfully with over the counter medications containing enzymes to break down lactose. Even better, you can reduce your symptoms of lactose intolerance by slowly adding dairy products into your diet to give your body time to build up its own lactase. Further, because dairy products contain important dietary elements, such as calcium, supplementation of calcium ensures that adequate levels are consumed. Seek prompt medical care if you are being treated for lactose intolerance but mild symptoms recur or are persistent. In some cases, lactose intolerance can lead to low calcium intake, which can be a serious condition that should be evaluated immediately. Seek prompt medical care if you, or someone you are with, have easily fractured bones, muscle cramps, tooth decay, or unintentional weight loss.