Health Questions and Answers

  • Toradol (ketorolac) is an NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug). Doctors use it to treat moderately severe pain, sometimes in combination with a narcotic pain reliever. It can reduce the amount of narcotic you need. However, you can’t take Toradol for more than five days due to the risk of very serious side effects.
  • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) has a good safety profile for short-term use. Long-term ibuprofen use can lead to serious problems, such as heart attack, stomach bleeding, and kidney damage. So, many doctors discourage it.
  • Over-the-counter (OTC) ibuprofen comes as 200 mg tablets or capsules. The usual dose for a healthy adult is 200-400 mg every 4 to 6 hours. For children, the dose is determined by the child’s weight.
  • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) is pregnancy category B for the first two trimesters and D for the third trimester. This means you should avoid it during the last three months of pregnancy.
  • Hydrocodone and oxycodone are schedule II narcotic analgesics. Oxycodone comes from an opium alkaloid. Hydrocodone comes from codeine. This gives it cough-relieving properties that oxycodone doesn’t have.
  • The ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor, lisinopril, is the most common blood pressure medicine doctors prescribe.
  • Doctors may combine Mucinex and benzonatate because they treat coughs in different ways. Mucinex is a brand name for guaifenesin, which is an expectorant. It thins mucus, making it easier to cough up. Benzonatate is an antitussive that suppresses or quiets a cough. Brand names include Tessalon.
  • Famotidine is a histamine-2 receptor blocker, or H2 blocker. Like other members of the class, it is available over-the-counter to treat acid reflux and heartburn.
  • In February 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved diclofenac sodium gel 1% for nonprescription use.
  • Soma is a muscle relaxant. Doctors may prescribe it to treat sprains, strains, and other injuries. Carisoprodol is the generic name.