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What is kyphoplasty?

Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that treats vertebral compression fractures. A vertebral fracture causes the vertebra to collapse and compress, causing pain and a hunched posture. The procedure involves inserting a balloon into the fractured vertebra to create a cavity. The cavity is filled with an acrylic cement mixture. This restores the height and shape of the vertebra and relieves pain.

Kyphoplasty is most successful in treating vertebral fractures, correcting spine deformity, and restoring vertebra height within the first three months of the injury. 

Kyphoplasty is a minor procedure, but it still involves some risk. It is only one method used to treat vertebral compression fractures. Discuss all of your treatment options with your doctor to understand which options are right for you.  

Medical Reviewers: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Nov 5, 2013

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Medical References

Balloon Kyphoplasty. Medtronic. http://www.kyphon.com/us/physician.aspx?contentid=61. Accessed July 1, 2013.
Getting Kyphon Balloon Kyphoplasty. Medtronic. http://www.medtronic.com/patients/spinal-fractures/getting-the-device/index.htm. Accessed July 1, 2013.
Kyphoplasty. Johns Hopkins. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test_procedures/orthopaedic/kyphoplasty_135,36/. Accessed July 1, 2013.
Kyphoplasty. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty.html. Accessed July 1, 2013.
Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty. Cleveland Clinic. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/kyphoplasty/hic_kyphoplasty.aspx. Accessed July 1, 2013.
Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00538. Accessed July 1, 2013.
Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty. American College of Radiology. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=vertebro. Accessed July 1, 2013.
Your Balloon Kyphoplasty Medical Team. Medtronic. http://www.balloonkyphoplasty.com/your-balloon-kyphoplasty-medical-team.html. Accessed July 1, 2013.

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